Toland, John

Toland, John
   Toland was born in Ireland of Roman Catholic parents, but he converted to Protestantism at the age of sixteen. He was educated in Glasgow and Leyden. His first book, Christianity not Mysterious, in which he argued that reason rather than revelation is the source of true Christian knowledge, was condemned by the Irish Parliament and he was forced to flee to England. Among his other books were a life of milton, a defence of the Hanoverian succession, a study of the early Jewish Church, several collections of essays and Pantheisticon. This was a parody of Christian liturgy, designed for the use of Pantheists (a word he seems to have coined). Today Toland is considered to have been one of the most significant of the English Deists.
   F.H. Heinemann, ‘John Toland and the Age of Enlightenment’, Review of English Studies, xx (1944);
   J.G. Simms, ‘John Toland: A Donegal Heretic’, Irish Historical Studies, xvi (1969);
   R.E. Sullivan, John Toland and the Deist Controversy (1982).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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  • Toland, John — ▪ British author born Nov. 30, 1670, County Donegal, Ire. died March 11, 1722, Putney, near London, Eng.       controversial Irish born British freethinker whose rationalist philosophy forced church historians to seriously consider questions… …   Universalium

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  • TOLAND, JOHN —    political and deistical writer, born in Derry, of Catholic parents; abandoned the Catholic faith; studied at Leyden and Oxford; his first work, Christianity not Mysterious, which created a great stir, and was burned in Ireland by the common… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • John toland (libre-penseur) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Toland. John Toland (30 novembre 1670 11 mars 1722) fut un philosophe irlandais. Il fut la première personne à être qualifiée de libre penseur …   Wikipédia en Français

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